飞机通信寻址与报告系统 (ACARS)

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1 ACARS 消息格式

Up.down.format.jpg


DBI: Downlink Block Identifier, 1个字节字符, '0' - '9'

UBI: Uplink Block Identifier, 'A' - 'Z' 或者 'a' - 'z' 或者 NUL (0/0)



2 ACARS 消息字符集

Iso5.all.jpg


Table 3-1 是一般用字符集,黄色部分的字符是不建议用在 Application Text 段的

Table 3-2 是更严格的,有些地面系统不能识别此表的黄色字符,因此这些都尽量不要再 Application Text 段使用



3 ACARS 消息类型

常见类型:

Q0 --- ACARS link test

H1 --- Message to/from terminal

M1 --- MVA IATA Departure message

2S --- Weather request

4M --- Cargo information


ACARS消息类型搜集



4 ACARS 消息示例

4.1 飞机出发不完整的ACARS消息

KN5665,中联航,17:59 起飞,19:05降落,执飞机型 B737,注册号 B-5209

[#1 (F:131.450 L:-35 E:0) 29/04/2014 09:37:31 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-5209 Flight id: KN5665
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 43
Block id: 9 Ack: !
Msg. no: M02A
Message :
Door0923,DEP ZBNY,CABN0923,CARG0909,FOB 17080,DES ZLYL

# 17:23关仓门,离开ZBNY,17:23客舱门关,17:09货仓门关,剩余油量(FOB) 17080KG,ZLYL


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-39 E:0) 29/04/2014 09:38:03 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-5209 Flight id: KN5665
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 44
Block id: 0 Ack: !
Msg. no: M06A
Message :
UTC 0930,EN1 2436096,EN2 2443584

# 17:30,EN1和EN2貌似是两个Engine的状态参数


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-18 E:0) 29/04/2014 09:38:09 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-5209 Flight id: KN5665
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 13
Block id: 1 Ack: !
Msg. no: M07A
Message :
OUT
DEP ZBNY,OUT 0930,FOB 17040,DES ZLYL

# OUT 为推出滑行消息报告,离开ZBNY,17:30推出滑行,剩余油量(FOB) 17040KG,目的地榆林榆阳 (ZLYL)


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-26 E:0) 29/04/2014 09:38:29 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-5209 Flight id: KN5665
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 14
Block id: 2 Ack: !
Msg. no: M12A
Message :
OFF
DEP ZBNY,OFF 0937,DES ZLYL,FOB 16840

# OFF 为起飞离地后消息报告,离开ZBNY,17:37起飞离地,剩余油量(FOB) 16840KG


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-26 E:0) 29/04/2014 09:38:36 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-5209 Flight id: KN5665
Mode: 2 Msg. label: _d
Block id: 3 Ack: B
Msg. no: S22A
Message :



4.2 飞机出发完整的ACARS消息

大连周水子近距离接受,消息很完整。

MU2311,东航,每日21:50 从大连周水子国际机场起飞,23:10 降落首都国际机场T2,5.3当日执飞机型 A321,注册号 B-6368

[#1 (F:131.450 L:  5 E:0) 03/05/2014 13:41:08 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6368 Flight id: MU2311
Mode: 2 Msg. label: B3
Block id: 6 Ack: !
Msg. no: M45A
Message :
/ZYTL.DC1/RCD 040
CES2311-ZYTL-GATE 16-ZBAA
ATIS A
-TYP/A321
-RMK/16F0

# Request Departure Clearance Message, Refer to arinc 623 P83

[#1 (F:131.450 L:  5 E:0) 03/05/2014 13:41:15 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6368 Flight id: MU2311
Mode: 2 Msg. label: _d
Block id: 7 Ack: I
Msg. no: S94A
Message :


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-21 E:0) 03/05/2014 13:41:23 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6368 Flight id: DCYA.D
Mode: 2 Msg. label: A3
Block id: J Ack: !
Msg. no: /DLC
Message :
C1/CLD 1341 140503 ZYTL 
PDC 942
CES2311 CLRD TO ZBAA OFF 28 VIA 
ANRAT-13D
SQUAWK 1273 ADT 1400 NEXT FREQ 118.250 
ATIS J
INITIAL ALT 900M ON QFE
FL 8400M
FD2F

# ATS Uplink Message, Departure Clearance (CLD), Refer to arinc 623 P87

[#1 (F:131.450 L:  5 E:1) 03/05/2014 13:41:25 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6368 Flight id: MU2311
Mode: 2 Msg. label: _d
Block id: 8 Ack: J
Msg. no: S95A
Message :


[#1 (F:131.450 L:  5 E:0) 03/05/2014 13:41:30 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6368 Flight id: MU2311
Mode: 2 Msg. label: B4
Block id: 9 Ack: !
Msg. no: M46A
Message :
/DLCDCYA.DC1/CDA 1341 140503 ZYTL 
PDC 942
CES2311 CLRD TO ZBAA OFF 28 VIA 
ANRAT-13D
SQUAWK 1273 ADT 1400 NEXT FREQ 118.250 
ATIS J
INITIAL ALT 900M ON QFE
FL 8400M
34F3

# ATS Downlink Message, Departure Clearance Acknowledgement (CDA), sent to ATC, Refer to arinc 622 APP D and arinc 623

[#1 (F:131.450 L:-41 E:0) 03/05/2014 13:41:38 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6368 Flight id: DCYA.F
Mode: 2 Msg. label: A4
Block id: K Ack: 9
Msg. no: /DLC
Message :
S1/FSM 1342 140503 ZYTL
CES2311 CDA RECEIVED
CLEARANCE CONFIRMED

F7D2

# ATS Uplink Message, Flight Systems Message (FSM)

[#1 (F:131.450 L:  5 E:0) 03/05/2014 13:41:39 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6368 Flight id: MU2311
Mode: 2 Msg. label: _d
Block id: 0 Ack: K
Msg. no: S96A
Message :

[#1 (F:131.450 L:  5 E:0) 03/05/2014 13:55:01 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6368 Flight id: MU2311
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 43
Block id: 1 Ack: !
Msg. no: M47A
Message :
DOOR CLOSE
DEP ZBAA,CABN1355,CARG1345,FOB 22080,DES ZBAA

[#1 (F:131.450 L:  5 E:0) 03/05/2014 13:59:03 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6368 Flight id: MU2311
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 45
Block id: 4 Ack: !
Msg. no: M50A
Message :
UTC 135924,EN2 62899,EN1 34944

[#1 (F:131.450 L:  5 E:0) 03/05/2014 13:59:31 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6368 Flight id: MU2311
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 44
Block id: 5 Ack: !
Msg. no: M51A
Message :
UTC 135954,EN2 62899,EN1 63897

[#1 (F:131.450 L:-12 E:0) 03/05/2014 14:04:55 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6368 Flight id: MU2311
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 44
Block id: 6 Ack: !
Msg. no: M52A
Message :
UTC 140518,EN2 63897,EN1 62899

[#1 (F:131.450 L:  5 E:0) 03/05/2014 14:07:45 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6368 Flight id: MU2311
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 14
Block id: 7 Ack: !
Msg. no: M53A
Message :
OFF
DEP ZYTL,OFF 1408,DES ZBAA,FOB 22120


[#1 (F:131.450 L:  4 E:0) 03/05/2014 14:07:52 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6368 Flight id: MU2311
Mode: 2 Msg. label: _d
Block id: 8 Ack: R
Msg. no: S99A
Message :




4.3 飞机到达停靠廊桥消息

[#1 (F:131.450 L:-21 E:0) 30/04/2014 13:58:00 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6308 Flight id: CZ6115
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 14
Block id: 5 Ack: !
Msg. no: M66A
Message :
INN01CSN6115/--301358ZYTXZBAA
1358 117
LON E116.447,LAT N 39.980

---

[#1 (F:131.450 L:-21 E:0) 03/05/2014 13:07:19 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-5342 Flight id: CA0106
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 10
Block id: 2 Ack: !
Msg. no: M39A
Message :
INN031307,VHHH,ZYTL,52

# CA106 from HongKong to Dalian. In at 21:07

---

[#1 (F:131.450 L: -2 E:0) 03/05/2014 13:48:33 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-5627 Flight id: SC4625
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 80
Block id: 9 Ack: !
Msg. no: M92A
Message :
1301 INRP   4625/03 ZSQD/ZYTL .B-5627
/ON  1343/IN  1346/FOB 0048

SC4625 from Qingdao to Dalian, landing on 21:43, In 21:46

---

[#1 (F:131.450 L:-35 E:1) 03/05/2014 14:09:47 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-3160 Flight id: GS6509
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 24
Block id: 0 Ack: !
Msg. no: M82A
Message :
INN01GS6509/**031410ZBTJZYTL14090041

GS6509 from Tianjin to Dalian, In 21:10

---

[#1 (F:131.450 L:  3 E:1) 03/05/2014 14:35:52 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6580 Flight id: CZ6526
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 14
Block id: 5 Ack: !
Msg. no: M29A
Message :
INN01CSN6526/--031436ZSPDZYTL
1436 133
LON E121.552,LAT N 38.972

CZ6526 from Shanghai to Dalian, In 22:36

---

[#1 (F:131.450 L:-24 E:0) 03/05/2014 14:47:35 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-5553 Flight id: CA8905
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 10
Block id: 7 Ack: !
Msg. no: M09A
Message :
INN031447,ZBAA,ZYTL,62

CA8905 from Beijing to Dalian, In 22:47



4.4 机组请求天气信息

[#1 (F:131.450 L:-32 E:0) 29/04/2014 09:16:28 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: ..B-HYB Flight id: KA0909
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 5U
Block id: 4 Ack: !
Msg. no: M23A
Message :
ZSAM ZGSZ ZGGG ZGHA-SA


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-32 E:0) 29/04/2014 10:47:25 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-5236 Flight id: CZ6928
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 5U
Block id: 5 Ack: !
Msg. no: M44A
Message :
ZBHH ZBYN ZBOW-FS


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-37 E:0) 29/04/2014 08:43:45 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-2670 Flight id: CA1635
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 12
Block id: 7 Ack: !
Msg. no: M01A
Message :
WXR FS ZYTX,,



4.5 自动位置报告

[#1 (F:131.450 L:-24 E:0) 29/04/2014 11:58:07 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-5399 Flight id: KN2290
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 11
Block id: 0 Ack: !
Msg. no: M78A
Message :
POS
CAS 1650,LAT N 39.732,LON E116.405,ALT 1600,FOB 10960,UTC 115818


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-37 E:0) 29/04/2014 09:04:15 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-2294 Flight id: CZ6515
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 17
Block id: 6 Ack: !
Msg. no: M18A
Message :
PRESENT POSITION REPORT
DMY 29APR14,UTC 090436,FLT CSN6515,LAT N 40.594,LON E116.800,CAS 281
,WD  7784,WS   13,ALT 32112,ETA 0948,


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-32 E:0) 29/04/2014 09:21:49 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-5772 Flight id: ZH9858
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 14
Block id: 4 Ack: !
Msg. no: M21A
Message :
POS
UTC 092211,LAT N 39.946,LON E115.740,CAS 2702,WD 21205,WS   76,ALT 32100,FOB 128,FF1 027160,FF2 027140,TAS 0438


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-29 E:0) 29/04/2014 09:54:56 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-5618 Flight id: ZH9665
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 80
Block id: 0 Ack: !
Msg. no: M14A
Message :
3N01 POSRPT ZGGG/ZYCC
/POS N40220E116444/ALT 311/MCH 763/FOB 0070/CAS 04522/TAS 07137/FF1 02845/FF2 02846


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-23 E:0) 29/04/2014 10:45:05 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-5236 Flight id: CZ6928
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 17
Block id: 4 Ack: !
Msg. no: M43A
Message :
PRESENT POSITION REPORT
DMY 29APR14,UTC 104528,FLT CSN6928,LAT N 40.357,LON E116.404,CAS 2907,WD  6587,WS   12,ALT 30100,ETA 1122,


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-31 E:0) 29/04/2014 11:07:29 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-5096 Flight id: MU5721
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 11
Block id: 4 Ack: !
Msg. no: M36A
Message :
POS
CAS 1310,LAT N 39.980,LON E116.631,ALT 157,FOB 11320,UTC 110751



4.6 Other


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-25 E:1) 30/04/2014 06:14:51 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6552 Flight id: CZ3188
Mode: 2 Msg. label: H1
Block id: 0 Ack: !
Msg. no: D05C
Message :
#DFB01,00408,08000,243,117,0022,1,1/
V203D01,00408,08000,238,117,0021,1,1/
V3006,005,207,102,0350,0/
V4011,008,309,080,0348,0/


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-29 E:0) 30/04/2014 06:23:09 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .HL7765 Flight id: KE0955
Mode: 2 Msg. label: 41
Block id: 0 Ack: !
Msg. no: M29A
Message :
RKSI/LTBA/30APR14/836/131/006/-54/0623/0623/N4021.0/E11619.9/34103/167500/


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-30 E:0) 30/04/2014 06:26:43 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: VN-A141 Flight id: VN0512
Mode: 2 Msg. label: H1
Block id: 0 Ack: !
Msg. no: D21C
Message :
#DFB 965  964001111 69 71
 78 78317318 91 94  06  01 -03  21 -10-301-304-305-304-305-238
-236-236-238-307-304-306-304-303 011 008-356-426-024
-002 000106103017017 000 000 000 000 0030


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-30 E:0) 30/04/2014 06:26:54 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: VN-A141 Flight id: VN0512
Mode: 2 Msg. label: H1
Block id: 1 Ack: !
Msg. no: D22A
Message :
#DFBACM01ACM230FSVN-A141 HVN512  VVNBZBAA300414   4ER042454185593161BSM72903
 709001090201
9004710201
39099-21525682450306 5166
B00149 91  96401  02 756
B00151 95  96401  00 775
 901 901 9011007 7208 6145


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-32 E:0) 30/04/2014 06:28:06 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-5223 Flight id: KN5910
Mode: 2 Msg. label: H1
Block id: 7 Ack: !
Msg. no: F44A
Message :
#M1BPRG/FNKN5910/DTZBNY,36O,102,063823,293C77


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-29 E:0) 30/04/2014 06:31:09 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .F-GZNA Flight id: AF0382
Mode: 2 Msg. label: H1
Block id: 6 Ack: !
Msg. no: D28C
Message :
#DFB 965  965000011 42 46
 53 53319319131141  08  12 -01  25 -10-308-307-309-308-309-240
-237-238-238-308-311-309-307-307 018 016-366-415-025
-001 000105106018017 000 000 000 000 0020


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-32 E:2) 30/04/2014 06:34:10 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6892 Flight id: MU2711
Mode: 2 Msg. label: H1
Block id: 7 Ack: !
Msg. no: D25A
Message :
#DFBA320,047222,1,1,TB000000/REP002,01,01,1/CCB-6892,APR30,063123,ZSNJ,ZBCF,2711/C0TCF050MU010121/C106,33302,5000,47,0010,0,0100,47,X/CE-158,29098,291,756,6329,341,C31U01/CN-156,29103,291,756,6329,341/EC643910,


[#1 (F:131.450 L:-36 E:0) 30/04/2014 06:34:46 --------------------------------
Aircraft reg: .B-6892 Flight id: MU2711
Mode: 2 Msg. label: H1
Block id: 8 Ack: !
Msg. no: D25B
Message :
#DFB06125,08429,03663,73,09,07/EE643911,06125,08484,03663,73/N10814,0814,0924,5739,1343,-----/N20814,0814,0921,5744,1321,-----/S1-----,0703,1437,4176,----,044,003/S2-----,0691,1423,4153,----,047,009/T1100,088,0




4.7 海外网友搜集

Message Label Analysis

Engine Data Analysis

ATIS Example




5 资源














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