Raspberry

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目录

1 Overview

最大 TF 卡: https://elinux.org/RPi_SD_cards



2 Login

Username: pi
Password: raspberry


3 Image

3.1 Raspberry PI 3B

  • Raspbian-4.1
  • raspberrypi-jessie-WAZIUP-demo.dmg.zip
  • 2019-04-08-raspbian-stretch-lite.zip


3.2 Raspberry Model A/B

  • raspberrypi-jessie-WAZIUP-demo.dmg.zip (HomeAssist)


3.3 Notes

Write image into SD card
$ sudo dd bs=1m if=2019-04-08-raspbian-stretch-lite.img of=/dev/rdisk2 conv=sync
Make SD card into a img file
$ dd if=/dev/mmc0 | gzip -9 > sd-all.img.gz
$ gzip -dc /tmp/sd-all.img.gz | sudo dd of=/dev/mmc0
Mount the img
sudo apt-get install dosfstools dump parted kpartx
sudo losetup /dev/loop0 2019-04-08-raspbian-stretch-lite.img
mkdir -p /mnt/a/boot/
mkdir -p /mnt/a/root/
sudo kpartx -av /dev/loop0 
boot="/dev/mapper/loop0p6"
root="/dev/mapper/loop0p7"
sudo mount $boot /mnt/a/boot/
sudo mount $root /mnt/a/root/

sudo kpartx -d /dev/loop0
sudo losetup -d /dev/loop0


Using Qemu to custom system
$ sudo apt-get install qemu
$ qemu-system-arm -cpu'?' | grep arm1176
$ qemu-system-arm -cpu arm1176 -m 256 -M versatilepb \
  -kernel ./kernel-qemu-4.14.79-stretch \
  -dtb ./versatile-pb.dtb \
  -hda ./2018-11-13-raspbian-stretch-lite.img \
  -append 'root=/dev/sda2 panic=1  init=/bin/bash' \
  -no-reboot -serial stdio
  -net nic \
  -net user,hostfwd=tcp::5022-:22 \

Edit the /etc/ld.so.preload, remove the 1st line:

 #/usr/lib/arm-linux-gnueabihf/libcofi_rpi.so

QEMU 模拟器上磁盘是认作 /dev/sda , 但是实机上是 /dev/mmcblk0 所以要设定对应的符号链接,创建 /etc/udev/rules.d/90-qemu.rules 并追加以下记录:

KERNEL=="sda", SYMLINK+="mmcblk0"
KERNEL=="sda?", SYMLINK+="mmcblk0p%n"
KERNEL=="sda2", SYMLINK+="root"

Then re-run the Qemu:

$ sudo apt-get install qemu
$ qemu-system-arm -cpu'?' | grep arm1176
$ qemu-system-arm -cpu arm1176 -m 256 -M versatilepb \
  -kernel ./kernel-qemu-4.14.79-stretch \
  -dtb ./versatile-pb.dtb \
  -hda ./2018-11-13-raspbian-stretch-lite.img \
  -append 'root=/dev/sda2 panic=1' \
  -no-reboot -serial stdio


3.4 Backup the System into img

#!/bin/sh
sudo apt-get install -y dosfstools parted kpartx rsync

df=`df -P | grep /dev/root | awk '{print $3}'`
dr=`df -P | grep /dev/mmcblk0p1 | awk '{print $2}'`
df=`echo $df $dr |awk '{print int(($1+$2)*1.2)}'`

sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=raspberrypi.img bs=1K count=$df

sudo parted raspberrypi.img --script -- mklabel msdos

start=`sudo fdisk -l /dev/mmcblk0| awk 'NR==10 {print $2}'`
start=`echo $start's'`
end=`sudo fdisk -l /dev/mmcblk0| awk 'NR==10 {print $3}'`
end2=$[end+1]
end=`echo $end's'`
end2=`echo $end2's'`

sudo parted raspberrypi.img --script -- mkpart primary fat32 $start $end
sudo parted raspberrypi.img --script -- mkpart primary ext4 $end2 -1

loopdevice=`sudo losetup -f --show raspberrypi.img`
device=`sudo kpartx -va $loopdevice | sed -E 's/.*(loop[0-9])p.*/\1/g' | head -1`
device="/dev/mapper/${device}"
partBoot="${device}p1"
partRoot="${device}p2"
sudo mkfs.vfat $partBoot
sudo mkfs.ext4 $partRoot
sudo mount -t vfat $partBoot /media
sudo cp -rfp /boot/* /media/
sudo umount /media
sudo mount -t ext4 $partRoot /media/
cd /media
sudo rsync -aP --exclude="raspberrypi.img" --exclude=/media/* --exclude=/sys/* --exclude=/proc/*  --exclude=/tmp/* / ./

# replace PARTUUID
opartuuidb=`blkid -o export /dev/mmcblk0p1 | grep PARTUUID`
opartuuidr=`blkid -o export /dev/mmcblk0p2 | grep PARTUUID`
npartuuidb=`blkid -o export ${device}p1 | grep PARTUUID`
npartuuidr=`blkid -o export ${device}p2 | grep PARTUUID`
echo "BOOT uuid old=$opartuuidb -> new=$npartuuidb"
echo "ROOT uuid old=$opartuuidr -> new=$npartuuidr"
sudo sed -i "s/$opartuuidr/$npartuuidr/g" $dst_boot_path/cmdline.txt
sudo sed -i "s/$opartuuidb/$npartuuidb/g" $dst_root_path/etc/fstab
sudo sed -i "s/$opartuuidr/$npartuuidr/g" $dst_root_path/etc/fstab

cd
sudo umount /media
sudo kpartx -d $loopdevice
sudo losetup -d $loopdevice



4 Pinout

4.1 Model A and B

Rasp-gpio-pins-1.jpg

Raspberry-1-gpio-led.png

Rasp-gpio-pins-2.png

Rasp-gpio-pins-3.png



4.2 Models A+, B+, PI 2 B, PI 3 B

Gpio-pins-pi2.jpg

Gpio-numbers-pi2.png

Physical-pin-numbers.png


Raspberry-pi-pinout.png



5 Serial

5.1 Enable

/boot/cmdline.txt
 "console=serial0,115200" 

/boot/config.txt
enable_uart=1


5.2 Disable

 Remove  "console=serial0,115200"  from /boot/cmdline.txt


If you want to use the uart as IO device, add "enable_uart=1" into /boot/config.txt


Or you can do it by run "sudo raspi-config" , enter "Advanced Options" and then enter "Serial" ....


5.3 Connections

  • RASP_TXD --- HEX_TX
  • RASP_RXD --- HEX_RX


6 GPIO Control



7 Timezone

$ cat /etc/timezone
Etc/UTC
$ sudo echo "Asia/Shanghai" > /etc/timezone

add following into /etc/profile:

TZ=Asia/Shanghai
export TZ
 $ sudo reboot




8 Static IP

add following into /etc/dhcpcd.conf:

interface eth0
static ip_address=192.168.1.45/24
static routers=192.168.1.1
static domain_name_servers=192.168.1.1




9 ESP8266/ESP8089

Raspi-esp8089.png


Note that the CH_PD signal is connected to the ID_SD signal. This must be mapped as a GPIO (GPIO0) and switched to an output and driven low then switched to an input again before the driver is loaded in order to reset the module. This will be added in the near future in the driver.

https://github.com/al177/esp8089

https://hackaday.io/project/8678/instructions?page=1



10 WiFi access-point

 $ sudo apt-get install hostapd dnsmasq


11 Bluetooth

 $ sudo apt-get install bluetooth bluez
 $ sudo apt-get install python-bluez


12 2G/3G/4G

 $ sudo apt-get install python-gammu gammu wvdial


13 GPS

 $ sudo apt-get install gpsd gpsd-clients


14 Reference













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